Non Small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC) accounts for approximately 85% of all lung cancers and 30% are Squamous Cell Carcinomas (SCC). Non Small Cell Lung Cancer patients with Squamous Cell histology have been a traditionally hard- to-treat, patient group, and less than 15% of patients with advanced Squamous NSCLC survive a year after diagnosis and less than 5% of patients survive for five years or longer. IMpower131 is a multicenter, open-label, phase III study, in which 1021 chemotherapy-naïve patients with stage IV Squamous NSCLC received TECENTRIQ® ((Atezolizumab)) along with Carboplatin, and Paclitaxel, TECENTRIQ® along with Carboplatin, and ABRAXANE® (nab-paclitaxel) or Carboplatin and ABRAXANE® (control group). The addition of TECENTRIQ® to chemotherapy significantly improved median Progression Free Survival across all PD-L1 subgroups. This is the first phase III trial of an immunotherapy-based treatment regimen, to demonstrate a significant improvement in Progression Free Survival, in advanced Squamous NSCLC.