PIQRAY® Effective after Progression on CDK Inhibition in Advanced Breast Cancer

SUMMARY: Breast cancer is the most common cancer among women in the US and about 1 in 8 women (13%) will develop invasive breast cancer during their lifetime. Approximately 276,480 new cases of invasive female breast cancer will be diagnosed in 2020 and about 42,170 women will die of the disease. Approximately 6% of newly diagnosed breast cancer patients present with Stage IV disease and about half of patients with primary breast cancer will progress later to the metastatic stage. About 70% of breast tumors express Estrogen Receptors and/or Progesterone Receptors and Hormone Receptor (HR)-positive/HER2-negative breast cancer is the most frequently diagnosed molecular subtype. Most of these patients with advanced disease in the current era are treated with a combination of CDK4/6 inhibitor and endocrine therapy (often an oral Aromatase Inhibitor), based on survival data. However, resistance to these regimens typically develops in a majority of the patients.

The PhosphoInositide 3-Kinase (PI3K) pathway is an intracellular signaling pathway important in the regulation of cancer cell proliferation and metastasis. PI3K is a lipid kinase and has four distinct isoforms – alpha, beta, gamma and delta, which play a unique role in the survival of different tumor types and establishment of supportive tumor microenvironments. The alpha and beta isoforms are expressed in a wide variety of tissues whereas the gamma and delta isoforms are primarily expressed in hematopoietic cells such as B and T cells. The PI3K alpha isoform is particularly important in breast cancer and plays an important role in tumorigenesis, supporting tumor angiogenesis and stromal interactions, making this a viable target. PIK3CA is an oncogene that codes for the alpha isoform of PI3K, (PI3Kα), more specifically for the alpha isoform of p110. The PI3k pathway is the most frequently altered pathway in human cancers including breast cancer, and has been implicated in disease progression in a significant number of patients with breast cancer. Activation of the PI3K pathway in breast cancer has been associated with resistance to endocrine therapy and disease progression. Approximately 40% of patients with Hormone Receptor positive (HR+), HER2-negative breast cancers, harbor activating mutations in the PIK3CA isoform of PI3K, which is the most common mutation in HR+ breast cancer. Patients with advanced breast cancer harboring PIK3CA mutations typically have a poor prognosis. This provides a strong rationale for targeting the PI3K pathway in breast cancer.Alpelisib-Mechanism-of-Action

PIQRAY® is an oral, alpha-specific PI3K inhibitor that specifically inhibits PIK3 in the PI3K/AKT kinase signaling pathway. Further, it was shown in preclinical studies that cancer cells with PIK3CA mutations are more sensitive to PIQRAY® than those without the mutation, across a broad range of tumor types. In the SOLAR-1 Phase III trial, there was a 35% improvement in Progression Free Survival (PFS) in patients randomized to PIQRAY® plus FASLODEX®, compared to the placebo plus FASLODEX® group, among postmenopausal patients with PIK3CA-mutated, HR+/HER2- negative, advanced breast cancer, who had progressed on or following prior Aromatase Inhibitor (AI) treatment with or without a CDK 4/6 inhibitor. However in this study, only 6% had received prior CDK4/6 inhibitor therapy and there is presently limited data available, to inform treatment decisions in patients who progress on AI and CDK 4/6 inhibitor combination.

BYLieve is an ongoing, prospective, open-label, Phase II, non-comparative trial, which evaluated the benefit of PIQRAY&reg in combination with endocrine therapy in patients with HR+, HER-negative, PIK3CA-mutated, advanced breast cancer, who progressed on or after a prior therapy including CDK inhibitor. This study included 3 patient cohortsCohort A included patients who received a CDK4/6 inhibitor plus an AI as immediate prior therapy, Cohort B included patients who received a CDK4/6 inhibitor plus FASLODEX® (Fulvestrant) as immediate prior therapy, and Cohort C included patients who progressed on/after an AI and received chemotherapy or endocrine therapy as immediate prior treatment.

The authors in this publication shared findings from Cohort A group of patients, who had received CDK4/6 inhibitor plus an AI as their immediate prior therapy. Cohort A enrolled 127 patients of whom 121 patients had centrally confirmed PIK3CA mutation. Patients in Cohort A received PIQRAY® 300 mg orally once daily along with FASLODEX® 500 mg IM on Day 1 and 15 of cycle 1 followed by Day 1 treatment, of each 28 day cycle thereafter. The median patient age was 58 years. Seventy percent (70%) of patients had received one prior metastatic regimen, none of the patients had received FASLODEX® as a first-line metastatic agent, and 60% of patients had secondary endocrine resistance. The median follow up was 11.7 months. The Primary endpoint was proportion of patients alive without disease progression at 6 months. Secondary end points included Progression Free Survival (PFS), Overall Response Rate (ORR), Overall Survival (OS), and safety.

The Primary endpoint was met and the proportion of patients with confirmed PIK3CA mutation and without disease progression at 6 months was 50.4%. The median PFS was 7.3 months. Among the 121 patients in Cohort A with a confirmed PIK3CA mutation, the response rate, which was all partial responses was 17.4%, and 45.5% achieved stable disease.

Although the BYLieve trial did not have a control group to allow comparing patients in Cohort A to patients receiving other standard therapies, the authors conducted a weighted/matched analysis between the patients in Cohort A of the BYLieve trial and a Real-World similar group of 95 patients with HR+, HER2-negative, PIK3CA-mutated advanced breast cancer, who were treated with standard therapies. The Real-World patient data was obtained from the de-identified clinic-genomic database of Flatiron Health and Foundation Medicine. These 95 patients had received a wide range of regimens, with the most frequent being XELODA® (Capecitabine) monotherapy, FASLODEX® monotherapy, FASLODEX® plus IBRANCE® (Palbociclib), AFINITOR® (Everolimus) plus AROMASIN® (Exemestane), FASLODEX® plus FEMARA® (Letrozole), and IBRANCE® monotherapy.

Unadjusted results showed a median PFS of 7.3 months in BYLieve Cohort A versus 3.6 months in the Real-World cohort. Similar outcomes were noted when data were weighted by odds, propensity score matching, and exact matching.

It was concluded that the BYLieve trial is continuing to show clinically meaningful efficacy with a combination of PIQRAY® and FASLODEX® in HR+, HER2-negative, PIK3CA-mutated advanced breast cancer, post CDK inhibitor treatment, building further on the findings of SOLAR-1 trial. The matched analysis comparing BYLieve with Real-World Data in the post-CDK4/6 inhibitor setting, further supports use of PIQRAY® plus FASLODEX® for this patient group.

Alpelisib (ALP) + fulvestrant (FUL) in patients (pts) with PIK3CA-mutated (mut) hormone receptor-positive (HR+), human epidermal growth factor receptor 2-negative (HER2–) advanced breast cancer (ABC) previously treated with cyclin-dependent kinase 4/6 inhibitor (CDKi) + aromatase inhibitor (AI): BYLieve study results. Rugo HS, Lerebours F, Ciruelos E, et al. J Clin Oncol 38: 2020 (suppl; abstr 1006).

Overall Survival Benefit with Frontline OPDIVO® plus YERVOY® and Limited Chemotherapy in NSCLC

SUMMARY: The FDA on May 26, 2020, approved the combination of OPDIVO® (Nivolumab) plus YERVOY® (Ipilimumab) and 2 cycles of Platinum-doublet chemotherapy as first-line treatment for patients with metastatic or recurrent Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC), with no Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor (EGFR) or Anaplastic Lymphoma Kinase (ALK) genomic tumor aberrations. Lung cancer is the second most common cancer in both men and women and accounts for about 14% of all new cancers and 27% of all cancer deaths. The American Cancer Society estimates that for 2020, about 228, 820 new cases of lung cancer will be diagnosed and 135,720 patients will die of the disease. Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer-related mortality in the United States. Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC) accounts for approximately 85% of all lung cancers. Of the three main subtypes of NSCLC, 30% are Squamous Cell Carcinomas (SCC), 40% are Adenocarcinomas and 10% are Large Cell Carcinomas. With changes in the cigarette composition and decline in tobacco consumption over the past several decades, Adenocarcinoma now is the most frequent histologic subtype of lung cancer.

Immune checkpoints are cell surface inhibitory proteins/receptors that are expressed on activated T cells. They harness the immune system and prevent uncontrolled immune reactions by switching off the immune system T cells. Immune checkpoint proteins/receptors include CTLA-4 (Cytotoxic T-Lymphocyte Antigen 4, also known as CD152) and PD-1(Programmed cell Death 1). Checkpoint inhibitors unleash the T cells resulting in T cell proliferation, activation, and a therapeutic response. OPDIVO® is a fully human, immunoglobulin G4 monoclonal antibody that binds to the PD-1 receptor and blocks its interaction with PD-L1 and PD-L2, thereby undoing PD-1 pathway-mediated inhibition of the immune response and unleashing the T cells. YERVOY® is a fully human immunoglobulin G1 monoclonal antibody that blocks Immune checkpoint protein/receptor CTLA-4.Unleashing-T-Cell-Function-with-Combination-Immunotherapy

In the CheckMate-227, Part 1, Phase III trial, a combination of OPDIVO® plus YERVOY® significantly improved Overall Survival (OS), Progression Free Survival (PFS), Objective Response Rates (ORR) and Duration of Response, compared to chemotherapy, independent of PD-L1 expression level. The authors in this study hypothesized that a limited course of chemotherapy combined with OPDIVO® plus YERVOY® could provide rapid disease control, while building on the durable Overall Survival benefit seen with dual PD-1 and CTLA-4 inhibition.

CheckMate-9LA is a randomized, open-label, multi-center, Phase III trial which evaluated the benefit of a combination of OPDIVO® plus YERVOY®, and 2 cycles of Platinum-doublet chemotherapy versus Platinum-doublet chemotherapy for 4 cycles followed by optional Pemetrexed maintenance therapy, as a first-line treatment in patients with metastatic or recurrent NSCLC, regardless of PD-L1 status and histology. In this study, 719 adults treatment naïve patients with histologically confirmed Stage IV/recurrent NSCLC, with ECOG Performance Status 0-1, and no known sensitizing EGFR/ALK alterations, were randomly assigned 1:1 to receive OPDIVO® 360 mg every 3 weeks plus YERVOY® 1 mg/kg every 6 weeks and 2 cycles of platinum-doublet chemotherapy (N=361), or 4 cycles of platinum-doublet chemotherapy alone (N=358). Chemotherapy was based on histology. Patients with non-squamous NSCLC in the chemo-only randomized group could receive optional Pemetrexed maintenance treatment. Patients were treated with immunotherapy until disease progression, unacceptable toxicity, or for 2 years. Patients were stratified by PD-L1 status (less than 1% versus 1% or more), sex, and histology (squamous versus non-squamous). Demographics in treatment groups were well balanced. The Primary end point was Overall Survival (OS). Secondary endpoints included Progression Free Survival (PFS), Objective Response Rate (ORR) and efficacy by PD-L1 subgroups.

At a preplanned interim analysis after a minimum follow up 8.1 months, this trial demonstrated a statistically significant benefit in OS for patients treated with OPDIVO® plus YERVOY® and limited chemotherapy, compared to those who received chemotherapy alone. The median OS was 14.1 months versus 10.7 months, respectively (HR=0.69; P=0.0006). With longer follow up at 12.7 months, this OS benefit continued to improve in the immunotherapy plus chemotherapy group, with a median OS of 15.6 months versus 10.9 months, respectively (HR=0.66). The 1-year OS rates were 63% versus 47%. This clinical benefit was consistent across all efficacy measures in key subgroups including by PD-L1 and histology.

The median PFS was 6.8 months in the OPDIVO® plus YERVOY® and chemotherapy group and 5 months in the chemotherapy-only group (HR=0.70; P=0.0001). The ORR was 38% and 25%, respectively (P= .0003). The median response duration was 10 months in the OPDIVO® plus YERVOY® and chemotherapy group, and 5.1 months in the chemotherapy-only group. Grade 3-4 treatment related Adverse Events were reported in 47% of the patients receiving the immunotherapy plus chemotherapy combination versus 38% in the chemotherapy-only group.

It was concluded that CheckMate 9LA met its Primary endpoint of Overall Survival, and OPDIVO® plus YERVOY® with a limited course of chemotherapy should be considered as a new first line treatment option for patients advanced Non Small Cell Lung Cancer.

Nivolumab (NIVO) + ipilimumab (IPI) + 2 cycles of platinum-doublet chemotherapy (chemo) vs 4 cycles chemo as first-line (1L) treatment (tx) for stage IV/recurrent non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC): CheckMate 9LA. Reck M, Ciuleanu T-E, Dols MC, et al. J Clin Oncol 38: 2020 (suppl; abstr 9501)

Late Breaking Abstract – ASCO 2020: Local Therapy Does Not Extend Survival in Newly Diagnosed Metastatic Breast Cancer

SUMMARY: Breast cancer is the most common cancer among women in the US and about 1 in 8 women (13%) will develop invasive breast cancer during their lifetime. Approximately 276,480 new cases of invasive female breast cancer will be diagnosed in 2020 and about 42,170 women will die of the disease. Approximately 6% of newly diagnosed breast cancer patients present with Stage IV disease. Breast surgery is often not a consideration for patients with metastatic breast cancer. However, breast surgery can be offered for palliation of symptoms, taking into consideration the risks and benefits of such intervention, in a patient with an ulcerated, bleeding, or a fungating tumor mass, that cannot be controlled with systemic therapy. It has been hypothesized based on retrospective analyses, that the addition of surgical resection of the primary tumor in the breast, to systemic therapy, in patients presenting with Stage IV disease, improved survival. Randomized clinical trials however have provided conflicting results.

E2108 is a randomized, Phase III trial which evaluated the benefit of locoregional treatment for the intact primary breast tumor, following initial systemic therapy, in newly diagnosed breast cancer patients presenting with Stage IV disease. In this study, 256 eligible patients with de novo metastatic disease, who did not progress during a 4-8 months period, while on optimal systemic therapy based on patient and tumor characteristics, were randomized to either continue systemic therapy alone (N=131) or combine it with locoregional therapy such as surgery and radiation for the intact primary breast tumor (N = 125). Of the 125 patients who received early locoregional therapy, 109 patients underwent surgery of whom 87 had free margins and 74 patients received locoregional radiation therapy. The Primary endpoint was Overall Survival (OS), and Secondary endpoint was locoregional disease control.

At a median follow up of 59 months, there was no significant difference in Overall Survival (OS) between the optimal systemic therapy plus locoregional therapy compared with optimal systemic therapy alone (3-year OS rate was 68.4% versus 67.9%; HR=1.09; P=0.63). Further, the addition of locoregional therapy to systemic therapy, also failed to improve 3-year Progression Free Survival (P=0.40). There was however significantly higher locoregional recurrence or progression in the systemic therapy alone group compared with the systemic therapy plus locoregional therapy group (3-year rate 25.6% versus 10.2%, P=0.003). Health-related Quality of Life measures such as depression, anxiety and well-being were significantly worse in patients who underwent systemic therapy plus locoregional therapy, compared with systemic therapy alone.

The authors concluded that for patients with a new diagnosis of breast cancer presenting with Stage IV disease, surgery and radiation for the primary breast tumor should not be offered, with the expectation of a survival benefit.

A randomized phase III trial of systemic therapy plus early local therapy versus systemic therapy alone in women with de novo stage IV breast cancer: a trial of the ECOG-ACRIN Research Group (E2108). Khan SA, Zhao F, Solin LJ, et al. J Clin Oncol 38: 2020 (suppl; abstr LBA2)

Late Breaking Abstract – ASCO 2020: FDA Approves BAVENCIO® for Maintenance Treatment in Advanced Urothelial Carcinoma

SUMMARY: The FDA on June 30, 2020 approved BAVENCIO® for maintenance treatment of patients with locally advanced or metastatic Urothelial Carcinoma (UC) that has not progressed with first-line platinum-containing chemotherapy. The American Cancer Society estimates that for 2020, about 81,400 new cases of bladder cancer will be diagnosed in the US and about 17,980 patients will die of the disease. Bladder cancer is the fourth most common cancer in men, but is less common in women, and the average age at the time of diagnosis is 73. Patients with advanced Urothelial Carcinoma are currently treated in the first line setting with a Platinum based chemotherapy regimen. Progression Free Survival (PFS) and Overall Survival (OS) however are generally short because of resistance to chemotherapy. Treatment options for patients who progress after Platinum based chemotherapy are limited, with poor outcomes. The response rates with standard chemotherapy in this patient population, is about 10%.

BAVENCIO® (Avelumab) is a human, immunoglobulin G1 lambda, PD-L1 targeted monoclonal antibody that binds to PD-L1 and blocks the interaction between PD-L1 and its receptor PD-1. This in turn negates the inhibitory effects of PD-L1 on the immune response by unleashing the immune system and restoring antitumor immune responses. In addition, BAVENCIO® induces Antibody Dependent Cell-mediated Cytotoxicity (ADCC). BAVENCIO® was previously granted an accelerated approval by the FDA in 2017 for the treatment of patients with locally advanced or metastatic Urothelial Carcinoma who have disease progression during or following Platinum-containing chemotherapy.

JAVELIN Bladder 100 study is an international, multicenter, open-label, parallel-arm, randomized Phase III trial, which evaluated BAVENCIO® as maintenance therapy following response or stable disease with first-line Platinum-based chemotherapy, in patients with advanced Urothelial Carcinoma. This study included 700 patients with unresectable locally advanced or metastatic Urothelial Cancer, whose disease did not progress following 4 to 6 cycles of standard Gemcitabine with either Cisplatin or Carboplatin. These patients were randomly assigned 1:1 to receive maintenance BAVENCIO® 10 mg/kg IV every 2 weeks in 4 week cycles plus Best Supportive Care (N=350) or BSC alone (N=350). Best Supportive Care included symptom control and pain management, supportive nutrition, correction of metabolic disorders and antibiotics if indicated. Patients were stratified by best response to first-line chemotherapy (Complete vs Partial Response vs stable disease), and by visceral vs non-visceral disease, when initiating first-line chemotherapy. Across the study population, 51% of patients had tumors that were PD-L1 positive. The Coprimary end points were Overall Survival (OS) in all randomized patients, and in those with PD-L1 positive tumors. Secondary end points included Progression Free Survival (PFS), Objective Response Rate (ORR), and safety. The median follow up was 19.6 months for the BAVENCIO® cohort and 19.2 months for the BSC-alone cohort.

The combination of BAVENCIO® plus BSC significantly prolonged OS, compared with BSC alone, in all randomized patients (HR=0.69; P=0.0005), suggesting a 31% reduction in the risk of death with the addition of  maintenance BAVENCIO®. The median OS was 21.4 months with BAVENCIO® plus BSC compared with 14.3 months with BSC alone. Significantly prolonged OS with BAVENCIO® plus BSC, compared with BSC alone, was also noted among patients with PD-L1 positive tumors, and the median OS was not reached in the BAVENCIO® group versus 17.1 months in the control group (HR=0.56; P=0.0003). The OS benefit with BAVENCIO® was noted across all prespecified subgroups, including those defined by Cisplatin-based or Carboplatin-based chemotherapy, and regardless of whether response or stable disease was reached after first-line induction chemotherapy. Based on blinded Independent Central Review, the median PFS favored the BAVENCIO® group both in the overall randomized population (3.7 months versus 2 months, HR=0.62; P<0.001) as well as in the PD-L1 positive subgroup (HR=0.56). All-grade Adverse Events occurred in 98% of the BAVENCIO® group versus 77.7% of the control group, and grade 3/4 AEs occurred in 47.4% versus 25.2%, respectively.

It was concluded that this study met its primary objective, demonstrating significantly prolonged Overall Survival with first-line maintenance BAVENCIO® plus BSC compared with BSC alone, in all patients with advanced Urothelial Carcinoma, and should therefore be the new first-line standard of care in this patient group.

Maintenance avelumab + best supportive care (BSC) versus BSC alone after platinum-based first-line (1L) chemotherapy in advanced urothelial carcinoma (UC): JAVELIN Bladder 100 phase III interim analysis. Powles T, Park SH, Voog E, et al. J Clin Oncol 38: 2020 (suppl; abstr LBA1)

PHESGO®

The FDA on June 29, 2020 approved a new fixed dose combination of Pertuzumab, Trastuzumab, and Hyaluronidase–zzxf (PHESGO®) for the following indications:

A)
Use in combination with chemotherapy as:
1) Neoadjuvant treatment of patients with HER2-positive, locally advanced, inflammatory, or early stage breast cancer (either greater than 2 cm in diameter or node positive) as part of a complete treatment regimen for early breast cancer
2) Adjuvant treatment of patients with HER2-positive early breast cancer at high risk of recurrence.

B)
Use in combination with Docetaxel for treatment of patients with HER2-positive metastatic breast cancer (MBC) who have not received prior anti-HER2 therapy or chemotherapy for metastatic disease.

PHESGO® is a product of Genentech, Inc.

Late Breaking Abstract – ASCO 2020: Adjuvant Therapy with TAGRISSO® Improves Survival in Early Stage EGFR-Mutated Non Small Cell Lung Cancer

SUMMARY: Lung cancer is the second most common cancer in both men and women and accounts for about 14% of all new cancers and 27% of all cancer deaths. The American Cancer Society estimates that for 2020, about 228, 820 new cases of lung cancer will be diagnosed and 135,720 patients will die of the disease. Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer-related mortality in the United States. Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC) accounts for approximately 85% of all lung cancers. Of the three main subtypes of NSCLC, 30% are Squamous Cell Carcinomas (SCC), 40% are Adenocarcinomas and 10% are Large Cell Carcinomas. With changes in the cigarette composition and decline in tobacco consumption over the past several decades, Adenocarcinoma now is the most frequent histologic subtype of lung cancer.

Approximately 10-15% of Caucasian patients and 35-50% of Asian patients with Adenocarcinomas, harbor activating EGFR (Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor) mutations and 90% of these mutations are either Exon 19 deletions or L858R substitution mutation in Exon 21. Approximately 25% of patients with EGFR mutated NSCLC have brain metastases at diagnosis, increasing to approximately 40% within two years of diagnosis. The presence of brain metastases often reduces median survival to less than eight months. EGFR-Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitors (TKIs) such as TARCEVA® (Erlotinib), IRESSA® (Gefitinib) and GILOTRIF® (Afatinib), have demonstrated a 60-70% response rate as monotherapy when administered as first line treatment, in patients with metastatic NSCLC, who harbor the sensitizing EGFR mutations. However, majority of these patients experience disease progression within 9-14 months. This resistance to frontline EGFR TKI therapy has been attributed to the most common, acquired T790M “gatekeeper” point mutation in EGFR, identified in 50-60% of patients.EGFR-Tyrosine-Kinase-Inhibitors

TAGRISSO® (Osimertinib) is a highly selective third-generation Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor (EGFR) TKI presently approved by the FDA, for the first-line treatment of patients with metastatic NSCLC, whose tumors have Exon 19 deletions or Exon 21 L858R mutations, as well as treatment of patients with metastatic EGFR T790M mutation-positive NSCLC, whose disease has progressed on or after EGFR-TKI therapy. Further, TAGRISSO® has higher CNS penetration and is therefore able to induce responses in 70-90% of patients with brain metastases. Among patients with metastatic, EGFR-mutant NSCLC, first-line treatment with TAGRISSO® significantly improved median Overall Survival, compared with TARCEVA® and IRESSA®, and should therefore be considered the preferred regimen.

Surgical resection is the primary treatment for approximately 30% of patients with NSCLC who present with early Stage (I–IIIA) disease. These patients are often treated with Cisplatin-based adjuvant chemotherapy to decrease the risk of recurrence. Nonetheless, 45-75% of these patients develop recurrent disease. There is therefore an unmet need for this patient population.

ADAURA is a global, double-blind, randomized Phase III study, which assessed the efficacy and safety of TAGRISSO® versus placebo in patients with Stage IB–IIIA EGFR mutated NSCLC, after complete tumor resection and adjuvant chemotherapy, when indicated. In this study, 682 patients with completely resected Stage IB, II, IIIA NSCLC, with or without postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy, were randomly assigned 1:1 to receive either TAGRISSO® 80 mg orally once daily (N=339) or placebo (N=343) once daily, for up to 3 years. Eligible patients had an ECOG Performance Status of 0 or 1, with confirmed EGFR mutations (Exon 19del or L858R). Treatment groups were well balanced and patients were stratified by Stage (IB/II/IIIA), mutation type (Exon 19del/L858R), and race (Asian/non-Asian). The Primary endpoint was Disease Free Survival (DFS) in Stage II–IIIA patients. Secondary endpoints included Overall Survival (OS) and safety. Following Independent Data Monitoring Committee recommendation, the trial was unblinded early, due to efficacy. The authors reported the results from the unplanned interim analysis.

It was noted that in the patients with Stage II/IIIA disease, the DFS had not been reached with TAGRISSO® versus 20.4 months with placebo (HR=0.17; P<0.0001). The 2-year DFS rate in this patient group with TAGRISSO® was 90% versus 44% with placebo. In the overall population, the DFS was still not reached with TAGRISSO® versus 28.1 months with placebo (HR=0.21; P<0.0001). The 2-year DFS rate in the overall population was 89% with TAGRISSO® versus 53% with placebo. The OS data are still early and immature, and the median OS has not yet been reached in either treatment groups. The safety profile was consistent with the known safety profile of TAGRISSO®.

The authors concluded that adjuvant TAGRISSO® is the first targeted agent in a global randomized trial, to show a statistically significant and clinically meaningful improvement in Disease Free Survival, among patients with Stage IB/II/IIIA EGFR mutation-positive NSCLC, and provides an effective new treatment strategy for this patient group.

Osimertinib as adjuvant therapy in patients (pts) with stage IB–IIIA EGFR mutation positive (EGFRm) NSCLC after complete tumor resection: ADAURA. Herbst RS, Tsuboi M, John T, et al. J Clin Oncol 38: 2020 (suppl; abstr LBA5)